With some remarkable claims to fame, the Canadian Arctic is arguably the best part of the Arctic. It is home to some of the largest populations of unique Arctic wildlife and unbelievable landscapes with some of the most iconic mountains in the north.  Here are some of the things that makes the Canadian Arctic exceptional: 

Arctic Wildlife

The wildlife of the Canadian Arctic sets it apart from all other Arctic regions. It is home to large populations of some of the most elusive animals on Earth. The Canadian Arctic is the perfect destination for those looking for polar bears, narwhal, or other Arctic wildlife encounters. 

60% of the world’s polar bear population are found in the Canadian Arctic

Polar bear watching in Canada | Travel guide | Audley Travel

There are an estimated 25,000 polar bears worldwide, with 15,000 inhabiting Canada. At the northern reaches of Baffin Island, Lancaster Sound is one of the densest polar bear populations globally and has 5.36 polar bears per 1000 km2. 

75% of the world’s narwhal population are found in the Canadian Arctic

The Strange, Fading Call of the Narwhal | The New Yorker

The Canadian Arctic is home to approximately three-quarters of all narwhal. Even more, are known to summer in the Canadian Archipelago Islands during their summer migration. 

Narwhal spends their winters in deep water, so most of the narwhal population spend this time in the Davis Strait, between Greenland and Baffin Island, Nunavut. When spring begins, this population will migrate through Lancaster Sound and then spend their summers in the shallower waters of the Canadian Arctic. One of the best places to see narwhal up-close is at the floe edge of Lancaster Sound in May and June.  

90% of bowhead whales summer in the Canadian Arctic

Bowhead Whales Wallpapers - Wallpaper Cave

The Canadian Arctic is a summer home to the majority of the world’s bowhead whales. Like many other Arctic whales, bowhead whales migrate into Canadian waters. Roughly 6,500 bowheads will migrate through Lancaster Sound. Known bowhead molting locations are found in Cumberland Sound and near the community of Qikiqtarjuaq, Nunavut. 

In 2009, Canada became the first country to create a bowhead whale sanctuary in Nunavut. Ninginganiq National Wildlife Area is the largest National Wildlife Area in Canada. Isabella Bay, within the sanctuary, recorded over 100 bowhead whales at one time, making this the single largest known concentration of bowheads anywhere in Canada.

66% of beluga whales spend their summer in the Canadian Arctic

Beluga Whale | National Geographic

The majority of belugas live year-round in Arctic waters, with an enormous concentration in the Canadian Arctic.  

Beluga whales are also protected in Ninginganiq National Wildlife Area and key to their migration. A key corridor for their migration is Lancaster Sound. Visitors can see beluga traveling along the floe edge, socializing, feeding, or breaching air before continuing. Some 2,000 beluga whales play, molt, mate and nurse their young just offshore in Cunningham Inlet in the summer season. Nowhere else in the world do more whales gather so consistently. Beluga can also be found across the Canadian Arctic. A distinct population of beluga is called the Cumberland Sound Beluga, which spends the entire year in Cumberland Sound.

Baffin Island is the 5th largest island in the world 

File:IceBridge Flight Over Baffin Island.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

It’s also Canada’s largest island, stretching 507,451 km2 (195,928 mi2) with a population of 9,563 people.

Also part of Canada’s Arctic, Victoria Island is the eighth largest island in the world and Ellesmere Island is ranked the 10th largest. Devon Island, located between Baffin Island and Ellesmere Island, is the largest uninhabited island in the world.  

The Canadian Arctic has unique geography making up 55% of the countries landmass and 67% of the country’s coastline. But what makes Canada’s Arctic so different from many of the other Arctic regions in the world are its islands. The Canadian Archipelago is made up of 36,563 islands.

Auyuittuq National Park is home to iconic mountains 

Auyuittuq National Park: Hiking In The Land That Never Melts – Who Needs Plans?

Baffin Island’s Auyuittuq National Park is home to famous mountain peaks. Thor Peak is the world’s tallest vertical drop, drawing in rock climbers and base-jumpers from around the world.  

You may recognize Mount Asgard from the James Bond film, The Spy Who Loved Me. Do you remember the scene in where Bond makes an incredible escape by skiing off a cliff to parachute away? That’s Mount Asgard. 

Barbeau Peak on Ellesmere Island stands 2,616 m (8,583 ft) high, making it the highest mountain in eastern North America. Also on the island is Lake Hazen, the largest lake north of the Arctic Circle. Ellesmere Island is also home to Agassiz and Grant Land ice caps, the largest ice caps in Canada.

Source: arctickingdom.com

See more:

>>Why Is Canada Nicknamed the Great White North?
>>Top 7 of the Weirdest Spots in Alberta, Canada
>>Top 10 Attractions in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

 

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